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We develop a new imaging condition based on time-shifts between source and receiver wavefields. This method is applicable to Kirchhoff, reverse-time and wave-equation migrations and produces common-image gathers indicative of velocity errors. In wave-equation migration, time-shift imaging is more efficient than space-shift imaging, since it only involves a simple phase shift prior to the application of the usual imaging cross-correlation. Disk storage is also reduced, since the output volume depends on only one parameter (time-shift ${ \tau}$) instead of three parameters (space-shift ${ \bf h}$). We show how this imaging condition can be used to construct angle-gathers from time-shift gathers. More research is needed on how to utilize this new imaging condition for velocity and amplitude analysis.