We considered that the APEF can characterize the properties of data and
treated the corresponding APEF as the pattern operator. Data pattern
operator
and noise pattern operator
can be obtained
by solving the corresponding APEF. Since APEF uses the shaping regularization
constraint, there are two main parameters that affect the filter: one is the
filter size, and the other is the smoothing radius (Liu et al., 2011).
These two parameters are empirical, and they are related to the characteristics
of the events, including spatial distribution, local slope, etc. We applied the
pattern operators to the corresponding dataset and adjusted the parameters of
the APEF by observing whether the corresponding data components were absorbed or not.
For example, the noise component can be absorbed by using pattern operator
in the noise model (
).