Omnidirectional plane-wave destruction |

We show the magnitude responses of the infinite impulse response (IIR) omnidirectional PWD (OPWD) when in Figure 4d-f. Compared with the ideal responses in Figure 2, it has good approximations for all the three dip angles in most of the frequency band. There are distortions in the high frequency bands, due to phase approximation errors in for high frequencies. They are not significant in practice, because the frequency band of seismic data is temporally limited.

liir20,liir50,liir80,oiir20,oiir50,oiir80
Magnitude responses of the IIR implementation of
LPWD
(top) and
OPWD
(bottom):
from left to right
.
Figure 4. |
---|

When or , the omnidirectional PWD has a low-frequency response similar to that of line-interpolating PWD (LPWD) shown in Figure 4a-b. When , the LPWD has aliasing in low-frequency bands (Figure 4c), while the OPWD exhibits a more desirable low-frequency response (Figure 4f).

Following Fomel (2002), the IIR LPWD can be approximated by the following finite impulse response (FIR) filter:

(16) |

Similarly, the IIR OPWD filter can also be approximated by an FIR implementation:

lfir20,lfir50,lfir80,ofir20,ofir50,ofir80
Magnitude response of the FIR approximation of
LPWD
(top) and
OPWD
(bottom):
from left to right
.
Figure 5. |
---|

The frequency responses of these two FIR approximations are shown in Figure 5. Similar to the IIR implementation, the FIR OPWD (Figure 5d-f) can obtain an expected low-frequency response for all three dip angles. While the FIR LPWD cannot obtain a good low-frequency response when (Figure 5c). Compared with the IIR implementations, the FIR approximations of both LPWD and OPWD have less desirable high-frequency responses.

Omnidirectional plane-wave destruction |

2013-08-09