Stratigraphic coordinates, a coordinate system tailored to seismic interpretation |

**Parvaneh Karimi and Sergey Fomel**

Email: parvaneh@utexas.edu,

Bureau of Economic Geology

John A. and Katherine G. Jackson School of Geosciences

The University of Texas at Austin

University Station, Box X

Austin, TX 78713-8924

In certain seismic data processing and interpretation tasks, such as spiking deconvolution, tuning analysis, impedance inversion, spectral decomposition, etc., it is commonly assumed that the vertical direction is normal to reflectors. This assumption is false in the case of dipping layers and may therefore lead to inaccurate results. To overcome this limitation, we propose a coordinate system in which geometry follows the shape of each reflector and the vertical direction corresponds to normal reflectivity. We call this coordinate system *stratigraphic coordinates*. We develop a constructive algorithm that transfers seismic images into the stratigraphic coordinate system. The algorithm consists of two steps. First, local slopes of seismic events are estimated by plane-wave destruction; then structural information is spread along the estimated local slopes, and horizons are picked everywhere in the seismic volume by the predictive-painting algorithm. These picked horizons represent level sets of the first axis of the stratigraphic coordinate system. Next, an upwind finite-difference scheme is used to find the two other axes, which are perpendicular to the first axis, by solving the appropriate gradient equations. After seismic data are transformed into stratigraphic coordinates, seismic horizons should appear flat, and seismic traces should represent the direction normal to the reflectors. Immediate applications of the stratigraphic coordinate system are in seismic image flattening and spectral decomposition. Synthetic and real data examples demonstrate the effectiveness of stratigraphic coordinates.

- Introduction
- Theory

- Examples of Stratigraphic coordinates
- Application of stratigraphic coordinates to spectral decomposition
- Discussion and Conclusions
- Acknowledgments
- Appendix A: Predictive painting
- Bibliography
- About this document ...

Stratigraphic coordinates, a coordinate system tailored to seismic interpretation |

2015-09-15