Simulating propagation of separated wave modes in general anisotropic media, Part I: qP-wave propagators |

In the case of transversely isotropic media with a tilted symmetry axis, the elastic tensor loses its simple form. Written in Voigt notation, it contains nonzero entries in all four quadrants if expressed in global Cartesian coordinates . The generalization of pseudo-pure-mode wave equation to a tilted symmetry axis involves no additional physics but greatly complicates the algebra. One strategy to derive the wave equations in TTI media is to locally rotate the coordinate system so that its third axis coincides with the symmetry axis, and make use of the simple form in VTI media.

We introduce a transformation to a rotated coordinate system ,

(25) |

where the rotation matrix is dependent on the tilt angle and the azimuth of the symmetry axis, namely,

(26) |

So,

(27) |

Assuming that the rotation operator varies slowly so that its spatial derivatives can be ignored, the second-order differential operators in the rotated coordinate system aligned with the symmetry axis are given as:

Substituting these differential operators into the pseudo-pure-mode qP-wave equation of VTI media yields the pseudo-pure-mode qP-wave equation for TTI media in the global Cartesian coordinates. Likewise, the pseudo-pure-mode qP-wave equation in TTI media can be further simplified by applying the pseudo-acoustic approximation. We must mention that, the above coordinate rotation in deriving the wave equations for TTI and tilted orthorhombic media (see Appendix B) should be improved to enhance numerical stability according to some significant insights provided in recent literatures (Macesanu, 2011; Bube et al., 2012; Duveneck and Bakker, 2011; Zhang et al., 2011).

Simulating propagation of separated wave modes in general anisotropic media, Part I: qP-wave propagators |

2014-06-24